History of Science

When one looks at science from a historical perspective, it can be said that science has not always followed a linear path of development. For example, if one draws a diagram of scientific development, one can see that a lot more technological progress has been achieved in the last hundred or so years than in the thousands of years before that. Naturally, history courses talk about the history of science from the invention of the wheel up to the advent of the Internet, with important milestones being the period of the Classics, the Middle Ages (during which scientific progress was halted and regressed), the Renaissance and Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution. Today’s era, due to its prevalence of information and communications technologies, is typically referred to as the information age or the Information era.

Alternatively, to look at the scientific questions from a spiritual perspective, even today the debate of creationism versus intelligent design persists. Many people argue that the two cannot coexist, while others believe that God created science and the laws governing physics, and that we are learning God’s laws by exploring science. However, not everybody believes that, and it has been quoted by Soviet astronomers after first venturing into space that “we have been into space and there is no God there”. Regardless of what you believe or do not believe, there are social and hard applied sciences taught in universities and other institutions of higher learning. Social science refers to subjects such as psychology, political science, sociology, anthropology and economics. Conversely, hard and applied science correspond to mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. Interestingly enough, theology is also a science taught in most universities and many people earn their doctoral degrees in studies of theology.

Toronto Heritage Center

Toronto Railway Heritage Center. Photo : photo.grandquebec.com/roundhouse-park

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